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Properties & Projects
The City of Charlotte and the State of North Carolina have taken an aggressive approach to the identification and redevelopment of Brownfield sites. Local projects associated with the Brownfield Grants Program are listed below. To learn more about Brownfield sites statewide, visit the NCDENR Brownfields Map Viewer.



   
1315 North Graham Street Redevelopment momentum is growing in the N. Graham Street area.  In addition to a commuter rail line and a proposed Blue Line light rail extension (within walking distance), the City’s Brownfield Assessment and Cleanup Grant is funding Phase I and Phase II environmental assessments at 1315 North Graham Street, a site proposed to become a new Fire Administration Building.
 
Phase I Environmental Site Assessment (Phase I ESA), which involves the collection of the property’s environmental history and analysis of potential environmental concerns, was recently completed.  The assessment found that the property was first developed as the International Harvester facility in the early 1940s for sales, service, and a parts warehouse for farm machinery and trucks.  In the mid-1970s, the facility was sold and Parnell-Martin leased the site for sales, storage, and distribution of plumbing fixtures and supplies until the late 2000s.  Because of the former presence of underground storage tanks and machinery repair, there is potential for soil and/or groundwater concerns.  This property was recently approved by EPA to have a Phase II ESA conducted, which would involve the collection and analysis of soil and groundwater samples.  These samples will help determine whether environmental cleanup will be required to ensure the property is safe for redevelopment.  Additionally, these samples will help satisfy state regulatory requirements for underground storage tanks.
  
   
1419 North Graham Street (former First Restoration) The property at 1419 North Graham Street in north Charlotte has great potential for redevelopment.  The adjacent property at 500 Dalton Avenue is proposed by the City to become the Fire Department Administration Building.  The proposed commuter rail line along North Graham Street and proposed extension of the Blue Line light rail within walking distance has helped spur redevelopment plans in the area.  More information regarding the Charlotte Area Transportation System (CATS) plans for rail in the area are available at their website
(http://charmeck.org/city/charlotte/cats/planning/Pages/default.aspx).  The City wants to expand on the momentum of redevelopment in this area and has been working on several properties which are now proposed for government use. 
 
Because of the importance of this area, the City has opted to utilize its EPA Brownfield Grant funds to assess the potential environmental impacts at the 1419 North Graham Street property.  A Phase I Environmental Site Assessment (Phase I ESA) was recently completed and involves a study of the history of the property and potential environmental concerns.  The study found that the property historically occupied by several warehouse and light industrial operations including Chevrolet Motors, Caskie Paper Company, Ferguson Box Company, and Disaster Rental and Supply/First Restoration.  Updates for this property will be provided as efforts progress.
   
5521 Brookshire Boulevard Improvements The City continues to utilize its Brownfield Assessment & Cleanup Grant program to aid redevelopment of underutilized properties in Charlotte.  One of these properties, 5521 Brookshire Boulevard, is an approximate 0.54-acre tract of land that is occupied by a vacant office building.
 
Reportedly, the property will be utilized for planned improvements to the Brookshire Boulevard, Oakdale Road and Hovis Road intersections.  These improvements will alter the existing geometry of the intersections and accommodate increased vehicular capacity as development grows in this area of the City.  In addition to altering the intersections, the project will add sidewalks, planting strips, landscaping, and bicycle lanes in order to improve travel conditions for pedestrians, bicyclists, and transit users.
 
A cursory view of this property would not cause one to be overly concerned about its environmental conditions; however, a recently completed Phase I Environmental Site Assessment (ESA) revealed potential impacts to the site from an adjacent up gradient property that was once part of the subject parcel.  The adjacent property was occupied by a gasoline station that operated several underground petroleum storage tanks that leaked in the past.  Residual petroleum constituents documented in the soil and groundwater have the potential to impact the vacant office building property.  If additional assessment activities are necessary for this site, these services may also be funded by the City’s Brownfield Assessment & Cleanup Grant.
 
   
University East Drive Connector A Phase I Environmental Site Assessment (ESA) for the proposed University East Drive Connector has been funded by the City’s Brownfield Assessment & Cleanup Grant. The total length of the University East Drive Connector is approximately 4,400 feet with the Ramona Red Lane extension being approximately 400 feet.

The property and the property immediately surrounding the connector are undeveloped properties. A small portion of the connector is asphalt-paved at crossings with the Newell Farm Road (approximately 350 feet) and Rocky River Road (approximately 60 feet). There are no buildings or structures located within the subject property, however the property is near several sites of potential environmental concern including a site with twelve leaking underground storage tanks and four inactive hazardous sites inventory. The property is being considered for future infrastructure improvements which will improve services for the public in this area of Charlotte.
 
   
Parkwood Storm Water Capital Improvements Project The Parkwood Capital Improvements project encompasses an approximately ¾ square mile area of Charlotte that has been industrially and commercially developed for nearly 100 years.  The assessment included evaluation of wetlands, protected species and cultural resources of the entire ¾ sq. mile area as well as an assessment of environmental conditions with a focus on locations of storm water pipelines within the Parkwood drainage basin that had been identified by the City as requiring detailed survey and comprehensive analyses to implement planned storm water system improvements.
 
The study utilized resources such as Sanborn fire insurance maps, city directories, federal and state government database records, and a pedestrian reconnaissance survey to identify past and present land use activities with a potential to generate or use hazardous substances and petroleum products and thereby produce environmental impacts.  Whereas the near-term benefit of this information will be to identify areas where storm water construction projects might encounter contaminants from past or current land uses, the process to generate this information served to create a warehouse of information that can be used to perform an inventory of potential Brownfields properties.
 
The core of this report is a series of maps that depict potentially contaminated properties.  Among the findings are 71 leaking underground storage tank (LUST) sites, 79 historical filling stations, 57 historical dry cleaners, eight hazardous waste sites, and one former U.S. Army missile plant.  The Site Inventory Maps label potentially significant properties, features and areas, and the resource(s) used for identification, depicted on a 2009 aerial photograph base map.  The Sanborn map search covered the period from 1896 through 1963 and yielded a total of 140+ maps.  The review of city directories began in the early 1930’s when the area began its transition from primarily residential to industrial and commercial land use and extended to the present.  
 
LYNX Blue Line Extension - Rail Storage Yard In preparation for the LYNX Blue Line extension, the City is evaluating acquisition of an existing rail yard for conversion to a 24 railcar storage facility with a small service/operations building and two rail stations.  The proposed site is an active rail yard located at Brevard Street and Parkwood Avenue in North Charlotte.  The City is working with the Charlotte Area Transportation System (CATS) to acquire the property in three to four years. 

Although the City wishes to take ownership of this property; the historical use of the property is a concern.  Historical uses identified in a 2008 Phase I Environmental Site Assessment included a former locomotive house, scrap yard, nearby locomotive roundhouse, a rail car maintenance facility, vegetable oil refinery, tinsmith shop and fuel tanks.   
To facilitate the development of this parcel as part of the LYNX Blue Line Extension, the City wishes to enter the property into the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Brownfield program.  This program will allow the City and CATS to move forward with the proposed redevelopment by protecting the City from the potential liability associated with the historical uses of the property. 
With DENR’s cooperation and because access to the property is limited at this time, the City has proposed to develop an Environmental Action Plan (EAP) which will define the environmental testing to be completed at the property in the future.  The EAP will also broadly define what will be done if environmental testing indicates contamination is present. 

The Brownfield Application and EAP are currently being developed with the City’s EPA-Funded Brownfield Assessment Grant. 
 
   
Former Harris Auto Garage Proposed for Mixed-Use Redevelopment The City of Charlotte has partnered with the Charlotte Mecklenburg Housing Partnership (CMHP) to facilitate redevelopment along Statesville Avenue in North Charlotte.  CMHP is a leader in the development of mixed-use, low-income, and neighborhood revitalization projects and has already initiated two Brownfield projects in the North Charlotte area.  For this project, CMHP applied for funding through the City of Charlotte to conduct environmental assessments at the property.  Because of the merits of the application, the City of Charlotte agreed to fund assessment for the project through their EPA-Funded Brownfield Grant. 
The property slated for redevelopment is a former automobile repair shop located at 2300 Statesville Avenue.  Numerous vehicles are currently stored in front of the repair shop and a former drycleaner was located next to the property.  Previous environmental assessments indicated petroleum-impacted soils are present and low levels of chlorinated solvents are present in groundwater. 

CMHP is in the early stages of planning the future use for the site, but presently anticipates that the site will be used for primarily residential purposes with some retail and office space.  In order for CMHP to complete this redevelopment, they needed the liability protection provided by the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Brownfield Agreement.  CMHP applied for and has been accepted into the DENR Brownfield program.  The Brownfield program has requested additional sampling of soil and groundwater, which will be accomplished with the assistance of the City. 

A scope of work for additional sampling is currently under review and the City and CMHP anticipate the sampling will be completed this summer. 
 
Johnson C. Smith University Bookstore Johnson C. Smith University (JCSU) is committed to their community.  The University’s president, Dr. Ronald Carter has six key points to his vision for JCSU, including community engagement.  According to the President’s web page
(http://www.jcsu.edu/redesign/administration/president_office/vision.html), he believes that JCSU should “Lead sustained and actionable conversations with the City and coalitions of developers concerning the revitalization of the Urban Distinct that is Johnson C. Smith’s front door.” 
 
In working toward this goal, JCSU is leading several development projects within the community including the conversion of a gasoline station into a community book store.  The property being proposed as the location for this book store is located immediately adjacent to the JCSU Campus at the area known as Five Points.  Five points is the intersection of State St, W. Trade St, Rozzelles Ferry Rd, W. Fifth St, and Martin St. 

To help facilitate this redevelopment, the City conducted a Phase I Environmental Site Assessment (ESA) of the property using their EPA-Funded Brownfield Assessment Grant.  The purpose of the Phase I ESA is to study the history of the property to determine if soil or groundwater testing is needed.  The Phase I ESA found the property was first developed as a gasoline service station in the late 1950s.  Since then, there have been 9 fuel tanks and a repair shop on the property.  Further testing was recommended to determine the potential for environmental impacts to soil and groundwater as a result of the historical operations at the property. 
 
Because the site is an active gasoline station, it is unfortunately excluded from further EPA funding; however, the project is still moving forward and JCSU is working to obtain additional funding through the City’s other, self-funded, grant programs. 
 
   
1540 Enderly Road The City of Charlotte (City) has been awarded two community-wide assessment grants from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for prospective Brownfield properties.  As a result of the grant awards, the City has begun assessment activities on various underutilized properties planned for redevelopment.  One of these properties is located at 1540 Enderly Road in west Charlotte, North Carolina.  The site is an approximate 1.06-acre tract of land that is occupied by a vacant warehouse building and a small storage shed.  Most recent occupants of the building included several plumbing/HVAC contractors. 
 
Reportedly, planned improvements for the property included renovation of the warehouse building for utilization as a classic car restoration business.  The underutilized property would be more esthetically appealing in an area of Charlotte where many properties are currently underutilized and the business would create several new jobs.  
 
A cursory view of this property would not cause one to be overly concerned about its environmental conditions; however, a recently completed Phase I Environmental Site Assessment that was funded by the community-wide assessment grants revealed a potential on-site impact beneath a concrete pad.  The assessment also identified potential impacts from nearby upgradient properties.  If additional assessment activities are requested by the City for this site, these services may also be funded by the Brownfield grants.