What is Annexation?
Annexation is the methodical extension of a city's boundaries into adjacent unincorporated areas, and the corresponding extension of that city's services to the areas encompassed by the new boundaries. In North Carolina, annexation is governed by state statutes that allow cities and towns to annex adjacent areas under certain circumstances. There are two types of annexation: city-initiated and voluntary.
- City Initiated Annexations: City-initiated annexations can occur when an unincorporated area contains certain urban development characteristics (population density, subdivision of land into smaller lots, development intensity).
- Voluntary Annexations: Voluntary annexation can take place after the owner of unincorporated property petitions City Council for annexation. The petition is initiated up receipt in the City Clerk’s office of a completed voluntary annexation petition signed by the owners of the property being proposed for annexation. The development standards discussed above need not be met for voluntary annexations.
More detail on this topic can be found with our
“Annexation – FAQ” document